Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: LI-21
Corporate Name: Dr. Edward J. Gillard
Local Name:
Owner Name: Dr. Edward J. Gillard
Location: Matthew White League south of Liberty
County: Liberty
Years in Operation: 3 years
Start Year: 1859
End Year: 1861
Decades: 1850-1859,1860-1869
Period of Operation: 1859 to 1861
Town: Liberty
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: Steam
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 500,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Upright sash
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: None
Historicial Development: A record of Dr. Edward J. Gillard's sawmill was found in the 1860 special census of Liberty County by W.T. Block of Nederland. According to the Census, the mill was steam powered and employed nine men and four women (monthly wage of $50 total) during the census year 1860. The mill (valued at $4,000) cut 500,000 feet of lumber valued at $10,000. Although Gillard had slaves, no records exist of them working at the mill. The Gillard sawmill is shown on a Confederate map of Liberty drawn in 1861. This mill is usually linked in discussion with that of R. O. W. McManus.
Research Date: JKG 12-14-93, MCJ 03-14-96
Prepared By: J Gerland, M Johnson