Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: GR-35
Corporate Name: Post & Terrell. Wiley Post. Port & Terrell.
Local Name:
Owner Name: Post & Terrell
Location: Precinct 1, with offices at Montgomery in 1884
County: Grimes
Years in Operation: 26 years
Start Year: 1859
End Year: 1884
Decades: 1850-1859,1860-1869,1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1859 to 1884
Town: Precinct 1
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 1860: 20-horsepower. 1870: 45-horsepower. 1880: Two engines totaling 50-horsepower.
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 6000: 1880
Capacity Comments: 1860: 960,000 board feet 1870: 500,000 board feet 1880: 1,500,000 board feet
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Double circular sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Railway and express
Historicial Development: The Post [Port & Terrell] sawmill can be traced from the census of 1860 to a railroad directory of 1884. It used a 20-horsepower steam engine enumerated in the census of 1860. It had a capital investment of $6,000. With $4,000 of raw materials, the plant cut 960,000 in board feet during the period of enumeration to a gross value of $14,400. Ten men were employed at an average monthly salary of $15 each. The outfit, valued at $3,000, was enumerated in the census of 1870 under the name of Wiley Post. The engine had been increased to 45-horsepower and cut 500,000 feet of lumber worth $7,500 from $1,500 in raw materials. Ten employees were paid a total of $3,000 in ten months. This sawmill was listed at Montgomery in an 1884 railroad directory. The census of 1880 notes that the mill was, in fact, located in Precinct 1 of Grimes County. It was d to be a value of $6,000, employing fifteen to twenty men. They received daily wages of $1.00 to $3.00 and were paid a combined wage of $3,000. The mill operated at three-quarters time for twelve months during the reporting period. From raw materials valued at $9,300, the mill cut 1,500,000 board feet of lumber valued at $16,000. The company did its own logging in Grimes County. It is not known if Post maintained a commissary or other company-provided services for its employees.
Research Date: MCJ 03-06-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson