Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: HA-76
Corporate Name: L. E. Brown
Local Name:
Owner Name: L. E. Brown
Location: Office in Longview but mill in Precinct 4 of Harrison County at Hallsville
County: Harrison
Years in Operation: 11 years
Start Year: 1870
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1870s and 1880s
Town: Hallsville, Precinct 4
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 25-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 15000: 1880
Capacity Comments: 2,000,000 feet during the reporting period of the Census. Estimated 15,000 board feet daily
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: Unknown
Historicial Development: L. E. Brown had a sawmill in the western part of Harrison County during the enumeration of the Census of 1880. The Northwestern Lumberman's The Lumberman's Directory of Saw Mills, Shingle Mills and Other Wood Working Factories in the Northwest, South, and Southwest (1880) reports that Longview, in Gregg County, was the mill's location; rather, it must have been where the office was located. Nancy Ruff lists L. E. Brown as running sawmill at Hallsville in Harrison County, Texas, Caucasian Residents in 1880. The Census s the sawmill was a capital value of $2,000. The mill employed twenty men at peak production and sixteen normally. They earned from $1.25 to $2.50 per day depending on their level of skill and worked eleven-hour shifts winter and summer. The mill, in six months, manufactured 2,000,000 feet of lumber worth $20,000 from $11,5000 worth of sawlogs and supplies. The Rand, McNally and Company's Directory and Shipping Guide of Lumber Mills and Lumber Dealers did not list Brown's sawmill in either Harrison or Gregg counties in 1884.
Research Date: MCJ 02-05-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson