Research: Sawmill Database

Alpha-Numeric Key: HO-36
Corporate Name: F. A. Beckham
Local Name:
Owner Name: F. A. Beckham
Location: Enumeration District 23
County: Houston
Years in Operation: 2 years
Start Year: 1879
End Year: 1880
Decades: 1870-1879,1880-1889
Period of Operation: 1879 to 1880
Town: Enumeration District 23
Company Town: 2
Peak Town Size: Unknown
Mill Pond:
Type of Mill: Lumber
Sawmill Pine Sawmill Hardwood Sawmill Cypress Sawmill
Planer Planer Only Shingle Paper
Plywood Cotton Grist Unknown
Power Source: 25-horsepower steam engine
Horse Mule Oxen Water
Water Overshot Water Turbine Diesel Unknown
Pit Steam Steam Circular Steam Band
Gas Electricity Other
Maximum Capacity: 
Capacity Comments: 50,000 feet of lumber during the reporting period of the 1880 Census
Rough Lumber Planed Lumber Crossties Timbers
Lathe Ceiling Unknown Beading
Flooring Paper Plywood Particle Board
Treated Other
Equipment: Sawmill
Company Tram:
Associated Railroads: International & Great Northern at Crockett
Historicial Development: F. A. Beckham operated a sawmill in Houston County during the enumeration period of the Census of 1880. The mill was capitalized at $3,200. Work required four male employees, one of whom were children under the age of sixteen. Beckham paid his workers seventy-five cents per each eight-hour day in the winter and ten-hour day in the summer, spending $100 total in wages during the two months of mill operations. The power plant consisted of a twenty-five horsepower steam engine with a boiler. Cutting equipment included a circular saw. From raw materials and mill supplies worth $350, Beckham's mill produced 50,000 feet of lumber for a gross value of $600. The mill did no remanufacturing. Beckham did his own logging near the mill.
Research Date: MCJ 02-20-96
Prepared By: M. Johnson